The great number of springs mentioned by Homer as one of
the notable features of Homeric Ithaca, considered in conjunction with the
innumerable springs existing in Kefalonia, -particularly in the Pronnoi district, - (in contrast to the
Ithaki in historical times).
αἰεὶ δ᾽ ὄμβρος ἔχει τεθαλυῖά τ᾽ ἐέρση
Spring "Potistis" at Gradou, Anninata village Photo, Kefalonian wild Nature F/B
This profusion of springs, the most abundant source of water being the lake called Great Akoli, triumphantly vindicates the accuracy of Homer, who not only deems it worth mentioning but considers it to be the most distinctive physical feature of Odysseus’ Ithaca. His testimony is of the utmost significance, given that the island now called Ithaki has been one of the driest islands in the
Lake-Spring "Small Akoli" at Koulourata, Sami area
The water outflow from Lake - spring Small Akoli in winter time. Photo by Kefalonian wild Nature F/B
Lake- spring Karavomylos, Sami area. Photo by Johan VN, Panoramio google
outflow of water for the local water supply and irrigation is over
The water outflow from Lake - spring Akoli in winter time.
What is particularly striking about it is that the water gushes out of a great rock, and hewn out of the ground next to the rock is an ancient pit or cistern measuring 7×8×3 metres, obviously made as a reservoir for a large quantity of water to be channelled to the rest of the city.